Water Quality Monitoring &Surveillance Works

Water, the elixir of life! Alas, today this phrase remains a misnomer.  People in several parts of India face an immense challenge to meet the basic needs of water. The crisis is not due to the lack of fresh water as such, but the availability of adequate quality water at the right place and time to meet basic needs.
Every year more than five million human beings die from illness linked to unsafe drinking water and sanitation. Improved access to safe water supply and appropriate sanitation can also improve the economic status, mainly through saving large amounts of peoples time and energy. It is a matter of concern that despite the progress made with water supply, the level of water-related sickness continues to be high. 70-80 % of illnesses are related to water contamination and poor sanitation. Main diseases associated with sanitation-diarrhoea, ascariasis, dracunculiasis, hookworm, schistosomiasis, trachoma, typhoid, paratyphoid, bacillary dysentery, cholera, poliomyelitis, etc are on an increase. These diseases consume a lot of time and money for medical attention and medicines. In India, the economic burden due to morbidity and mortality from these diseases is staggering. The resources saved by improved water supply and sanitation can be used in many economically productive or educational activities.

During the last few decades the national policies have shown increasing emphasis on both rural and urban water supply and sanitation. In terms of physical progress, the achievements have been remarkable. In rural context, however unfortunately these efforts have not been seen to be converted into health benefits and water borne diseases continue to be the dominant cause of morbidity and mortality in many pars of the country. The reasons are fairly very obvious, though water is being supplied; its potability is not being ensured. The lack of Water Quality Surveillance in these areas is acutely brought into focus during the episodes of waterborne epidemics.

Keeping in view of the above reasons, water quality monitoring, surveillance and Management is the need of the hour.